The rock paintings can be classified into several groups
Hunting scenes :
- Several such paintings are available in Bhimbetka, particularly Lakhajwar area.
- Here one can see hunters hunting animals such as Cow, Buffalo, Bull, Peacock, Rhino etc.
- The most interesting painting is the one where a hunter is aiming at a peacock on a tree.
- Another hunter wearing a horned headgear is hunting an animal.
- In II a is a painting of a buffalo surrounded by men during hunting.
- In another one while a person with bow and arrow is aiming at an animal, dogs are chasing the animal.
War scenes :
- These are from historical period where men can be seen on horses, elephants and proceeding for a fight. One also sees men on foot with weapons.
- Groups of armed men facing one another on a battlefield.
- In II B – 32 is a painting of warriors on an elephant fighting with one another.
- In one group one can see one Mahavat and a fighter on elephant back. The fighter is carrying a spear, bow and arrow and sword etc.
- In one shelter is a painting depicting Ashwamedh Yagna from the Gupta period where a horse is leading, followed by army of a king. On the opposite side is another army trying to stop the horse.
Birds Animals and Aquatic species :
- Painted animals include Lion, Elephant, Horse, Deer, Antelope, Cow, Monkey, Wild Boar, Buffalo, etc.
- Birds include Peacock.
- Aquatic species have fishes.
- In the Boar Rock Shelter is a huge Boar almost 1 meter long drawn in red colour.
Human figures :
- A female resting her hands on another human figure standing in front (discovered by RR Brooks).
- Another painting shows a man extracting honey from a honey comb.
- In II f – 14 is a human figure drinking water from a vessel. One can see drops of water flowing down on to his stomach.
- Several shelters are painted with dancing figures – preliminary group dances.
- People dancing holding hands
Religious rites :
- Bulls whose feet are trapped in a basket.
- Hand prints – outline or fully coloured.
- Figures dancing with hands raised.
- Some signs related to worship.
These are of two types
These are mostly from Sunga and Gupta period.
There are several inscription using Shankh lipi (Conch script).
There are almost 20 such inscription in red colour.