1. The Vedic Saraswati River flowed into plains from Himalayas at Adi Badri. Here her width was 6 to 8 kilometers.
  2. Then she turned at Kathgarh westwards and flowed past Thaneshwar, Kurukshetra, Pohava, Sirsa, Hansi, Agroha, Hanumangarh, Kalibanga, Anupgadh and Suratgadh.
  3. Later in Sindh province she turned southwards and ended in the Rann of Kuchchh.
  4. Ashrams, Kings, Tribes and Families referred in Vedic literature are mostly from Harappan period.
  5. Harappan culture was related to the Vedic culture.
  6. Number of settlements being more on the banks of Vedic Saraswati River as compared to Sindhu (Indus) River, this culture should be named as “Saraswat Culture” rather than “Indus Valley Civilization”
  7. In the Bikaner to Panchbhadra region one finds Pebble tools of about 2 crore years ago. It also suggest that this region was formed by a very massive and rapidly flowing river.
  8. The ancient layers in Barmer to Balotra region appears to be because of the changing courses of this river.
  9. In deep layers of Multani mud at Gungakshetra this team found fossils of fishes and other aquatic species, indicating that there must have been sea at this site.
  10. Culmination of the Abhiyan was at Somnath. This is a Harappan place

To sum up the findings one can say that the River Saraswati was much bigger (wider) than any other river. Pre Harappan and Harappan sites are concentrated on the River Saraswati in much larger numbers than on River Indus and we should call our Civilization should be called “Saraswat Civilization” rather than Indus Valley Civilization.

References :

  1. The lost courses of the Saraswati River in the Great Indian Desert. New evidence from Landsat imagery. – Bimal Ghosh, AmalKar and Zahid Hussein. (central Arid Zone Research Institute Jodhpur) – The Geographical Journal, Vol 145; No 3 (Nov 1979) 446-51.
  2. Dr. S. M. Rao and Dr. K. M. Kulkarni

Possible contribution of River Saraswati in ground water aquifier systems in western Rajasthan India. – D. S. Mitra and Balaram Babu; Current science, Vol 102, No 5 (March 2012)

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